Beauceron Dog Breed (Complete Guide)

The Beauceron Dog Overview

The Beauceron is not an extreme dog, but rather a robust, balanced dog befitting a real multipurpose dog ready to work a full day.

The body of this breed is strong yet agile, the jaws are strong, and the movement is fluid, effortless, and ground covering. When moving, the head is lowered to the level of the back, as is typical with herding dogs.

The outer coat of the Beauceron is straight, dense, and coarse, with a medium length; this, along with a deep undercoat, provides weather-resistant protection.

The presence of two dew claws on the hindlegs is an unusual feature that appears to be a French custom for herding and flock dogs.

Notwithstanding the fact that they serve no purpose, they were possibly formerly linked with the greatest herders and are now a breed hallmark.

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Beauceron Highlights


  • The Beauceron is an intelligent dog who is both courageous and calm. This clever canine learns well, is known for being loyal, and wants to please and protect its family.
  • Despite the double-coat of the breed, grooming of the Beauceron is relatively minimal. You will want to brush your dog one or two times each week (more brushing may be required during periods of increased shedding).
  • The Beauceron is a large, athletic, working dog. The body is slightly longer than it is tall. The head is long and in proportion with the body.
  • The Beauceron is a brave, highly intelligent, obedient, working dog. Eager and willing to please, it excels at obedience training, very quick to understand and respond to its master’s commands. The Beauceron is capable of police work, as it is loyal, patient, faithful, fearless and keenly watchful, able to detect danger. 
  • The Beauceron will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are moderately active indoors and will do best with at least a large yard.
  • The Beauceron is generally a healthy, hardy breed. Some lines are prone to bloat and like any breed over 40 pounds, Beaucerons are prone to hip dysplasia. Ninety-five percent of all breeders in the U.S. breed only hip certified stock.

Beauceron Breed Features & Ratings:

Rated base on a 5 Star Scale
ENERGY LEVEL:                                4 Star
EXERCISE REQUIREMENTS:           4 Star
PLAYFULNESS:                                  3 Star
AFFECTION LEVEL:                           3 Star
FRIENDLINESS TO DOGS:                1 Star
FRIENDLINESS TO OTHER PETS:    2 Star
FRIENDLINESS TO STRANGERS:     1 Star
WATCHFULNESS:                               5 Star
EASE OF TRAINING:                           5 Star
GROOMING REQUIREMENTS:           1 Star
HEAT SENSITIVITY:                            3 Star
VOCALITY                                          5 Star

Beauceron Characteristics:


  • Dog Breed Group:  Herding Dogs
  • Height: 24-27.5 inches
  • Weight:  110 pounds (50 kg)
  • Life Span: 10 to 12 years 
  • Type: Purebred
  • AREA OF ORIGIN: France 
  • DATE OF ORIGIN: 
  • OTHER NAMES:  Berger de Beauce (“sheepdog from Beauce”)
  • Temperament: Courageous, Obedient, Loyal, Protective, Loving
  • Activities: Herding
  • Color: Black and tan
  • Litter Size: Black & Rust, Black & Tan, Gray Black & Tan, Harlequin
  • Puppy Prices: $2000 – $2500 USD on average

Beauceron Health:

Bloat, a sudden and life-threatening stomach ailment, can affect any large or deep-chested dog. Beauceron owners should educate themselves on what signs to check for and what to do if they occur.

Responsible breeders will examine their breeding stock for health concerns like hip dysplasia, heart disease, eye difficulties, and allergies.

As with all breeds, a Beauceron’s ears should be checked on a regular basis, and its teeth should be brushed frequently.

The following are the National Breed Club’s recommended health tests:

  • Hip Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  • Cardiac Exam

Beauceron Grooming:

The dog’s double coat requires very little care. Brush your dog on a regular basis and bathe it every three or four months.

The most shedding happens in the spring and fall, with only a little shedding occurring the remainder of the year.

Trim your dog’s nails once a month to maintain them neat and prevent uncomfortable splitting. Don’t overlook the hind double dewclaws.

Brush your pet’s teeth one time a week to help it maintain good dental hygiene. Because the Beauceron enjoys chewing on objects, they have lots of durable chew toys on hand.

Beauceron Exercise:

The Beauceron is a strong, athletic, and clever breed that requires plenty of physical and mental stimulation. This is not a dog for inexperienced dog owners.

They require a range of outside places and types of exercise on a daily basis and are best fitted to an experienced, active owner who can give the mental and physical stimulation they require.

Although the Beauceron was not developed to herd sheep like other shepherd breeds, he can be educated to compete in herding events, Schutzhund (protection work), agility contests, and sports like carting mushing, alongside skijoring (pulling a person who is on skis).

Beauceron Training:

For this breed, socialization and obedience training are essential. Beaucerons are highly clever, loyal, and devoted to their owners, making training them quite simple.

They do not respond well to rigorous training methods, especially physical punishment. Training and handling that is firm, fair, and consistent is usually highly successful.

They are noted for their enthusiastic actions, including leaping on people and grabbing people and objects with their lips; these habits are frequently the focus of early training sessions.

Beauceron Food and Nutrition:

Allow your Beauceron access to fresh, clean water and feed him up to 2.5 cups of dry dog meal every day, divided into two meals.

The amount will vary according to your dog’s size, age, degree of exercise, and other factors.

If the dog gulps its food or consumes too quickly, it may develop stomach dilatation and bloat. When the stomach twists, it might cut off the blood flow, resulting in a medical emergency.

Watch your dog’s weight and evaluate nutritional needs with your veterinarian to avoid obesity, which can increase health risks and decrease longevity.

Beauceron Temperament and Personality:

The Beauceron temperament is attentive, devoted, eager, and protective without being aggressive. The Beauceron, an intellectual dog, is frequently regarded by owners as an independent thinking dog.

It is extremely trainable and may channel its enthusiasm into dog sports and obedience competitions.

Beauceron Care/Upkeep:

Having a Beauceron is a commitment to allowing someone to follow you around all day, so close that you trip if you turn around too quickly; it will take over a huge area of the bed if you let it. In short, you agree to get a shadow as well as all the other duties that come with owning a dog.

The need of a herding dog to keep its “flock,” whether children, neighborhood cats, or sheep, together often annoys the owner, but it is what they were designed for.

These dogs have a great need to work and must be given a task in order to be at peace with themselves.

When bored, herding breeds, like many other dogs, can be destructive and annoying. Take your dog out for a run, a bike ride, or a hike.

It may be hostile with other dogs and try to herd other humans going by, so keep it on a leash.

Be aware that this may include nipping a youngster and making sure your children and visitors are aware of this.

Beauceron Relationship with Children and Other Pets

The Beauceron is gentle and gets along well with children, especially with the older ones, who can treat them respectfully and can play outdoors with them.

Though, supervision by elders is needed, as they are herding dogs and can nip at your child.

Beauceron Names 

RankBoy NamesGirl Names
01MaxBella
02CooperLucy
03BuddyMolly
04JakeChloe
05SammyZoe
06BrunoRoxy
07OscarMaggie
08BrunoEllie
09MarleyCoco
10HarleyLola

All About Beauceron

The Beauceron is a big sheepdog with a strong personality. They acquire their name from the La Beauce region of France, which surrounds Paris.

This breed is also known as a Berger de Beauce (Beauce sheepdog) and a bas rouge (red stockings).

Despite being well-muscled and firmly built, the dog does not appear big but rather balanced and proportionate.

This breed’s head is carried proudly, and its tail is carried down in the shape of a “J” until when running when the tail is practically straight out from the dog’s body.

The most distinguishing trait of this animal is its hind double dewclaws, which form a pair of independent “thumbs” on the back legs.

They are frequently misidentified as a cross between a Rottweiler and a German shepherd.

Beauceron History:

The Beauceron sheepdog is the largest of the French sheepdog breeds. The Beauceron has a long history, despite being hardly unknown outside of France.

It is a very old breed that was created entirely in France with no foreign crossings.

A sentence in a manuscript dated in 1587 is regarded to be the first particular reference of a dog of the Beauceron’s description. The Beauceron was an adaptable breed.

For a long time, the Beauceron was employed to drive and protect the herd (Sheep or Cattle), protect the house, and defend the family.

The Beauceron, which originated in the plains region of La Beauce near Paris, is also called Berger de Beauce (Shepherd of the Beauce) or even Bas Rouge (Red Stockings). This breed is related to the Briard, also known as the Berger de Brie, a longhaired relative.

Abe Rosier, a priest, authored an article about these French herding dogs in 1809. He was the one who developed the terms Berger de la Brie and Berger de la Beauce to denote the distinctions in type.

The Society Central Canine was created in 1882, and in September 1893, it registered the first ‘Berger de Beauce’ in the Livres Origines Francais (LOF). Bergere de la Chapelle, born in 1891, was crowned Champion of Beauty. M. Paul Mégnin distinguished between the Shepherd of Brie and the Shepherd of Beauce near the end of the 1800s.

M. Paul Megnin, with the assistance of M. Emmanuel Ball, began to define the breed standard. The Club des Amis du Beauceron was founded in 1922 by the distinguished M. Paul Megnin.

The Beauceron was also employed by the French army. Their capacity to follow directions without hesitation was put to good use throughout both World Wars in Europe, where the military deployed them to deliver messages on the front lines.

Beaucerons were also used to track trails, locate explosives, and assist commandos. Beaucerons are still utilized as military and police dogs today.

The Ministry of Agriculture mandated in the 1960s that the S.C.C. develop a confirmation examination with the purpose of maintaining the attributes of the historic sheepdogs.

There were fears that the Beauceron breed may become extinct due to the pressures of modern life. Fortunately, despite the disappearance of the flocks, the versatile Beauceron found work protecting his master’s home and family.

Where to Adopt Beauceron:

Because this is an uncommon breed, there aren’t many Beauceron breeders in the United States. If this is the breed you truly desire, you must be patient.

The puppy nearest to your home may not be the greatest one for you, so be prepared to travel or broaden your search for a breeder in other places.

The American Beauceron Club is a website that features rescue dogs from all around the United States.

More Dog Breeds and Further Research:

Do a lot of study before deciding whether the Beauceron is the ideal dog for you. To learn more, talk to other Beauceron owners, trustworthy breeders, and rescue organizations.

If you’re looking for similar breeds, examine the benefits and downsides of these:

Beauceron Fun Facts:

  • Sometimes Called the Berger de Beauce. 
  • times Called the Bas Rouge. 
  • Related to the Briard. 
  • Used to Be Both a Guard and a Herder.
  • Saw Use in the World Wars. 
  • Needs to Have Double Dewclaws. 
  • Weatherproof Coats. 
  • Needs to Be Active

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

What is the significance of Beaucerons having two dew claws?

The Beauceron isn’t considered a Beauceron unless it has twin dewclaws on its back legs, which it shares with the Briard. In general, larger breeds with twin dewclaws have better traction, making it easier for them to travel over uneven terrain.

Is Beauceron astute?

Beaucerons are highly clever, loyal, and devoted to their owners, making training them quite simple. They do not respond well to rigorous training methods, especially physical punishment.

Are Beaucerons friendly?

Beaucerons are diligent and determined herding dogs, but they are kind and social around the house, always willing to play, walk, or snuggle. They are a little hesitant with those outside the familial circle, but they have strong protective instincts.

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