American Eskimo Dog Breed (Complete Guide)

The American Eskimo Dog Dog Overview

The Eskie is designed along the lines of a typical Nordic Spitz. This breed has a small build and is somewhat longer than tall.

The stand-off double coat prevents wetting and provides cold-weather insulation.

The short, broad ears are also resistant to cold, and the trot is agile and daring. The expression is attentive and keen.

American Eskimo Dog Highlights

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  • Eskies are cheerful, lively, and intelligent dogs. They thrive on movement. Plan on keeping your Eskie occupied with training lessons, activities, dog park romps, or excursions. A busy Eskie is unlikely to experience boredom, which is a bad thing with this breed because boredom leads to excessive barking, unnecessary chewing, and other undesirable tendencies.
  • Because the Eskie needs to be with his family, don’t leave him alone for extended periods of time or develop separation anxiety.
  • If you are a self-assured leader, you will like a life with an Eskie. If you aren’t, you’re likely to be led by an Eskie.
  • Even a well-trained and socialized Eskie should not be trusted with small creatures such as birds, hamsters, and gerbils. Chances are, he’ll follow his instincts and give chase.
  • If you want a healthy dog, avoid buying a puppy from an unprofessional breeder, puppy mill, or pet retailer.

American Eskimo Dog  Breed Features & Ratings:

Rated base on a 5 Star Scale
ENERGY LEVEL:                                        3 Star
EXERCISE REQUIREMENTS:                 3 Star
PLAYFULNESS:                                              4 Star
AFFECTION LEVEL:                                       3 Star
FRIENDLINESS TO DOGS:                            2 Star
FRIENDLINESS TO OTHER PETS:               2 Star
FRIENDLINESS TO STRANGERS:                2 Star
WATCHFULNESS:                                          4 Star
EASE OF TRAINING:                                      4 Star
GROOMING REQUIREMENTS:                     3 Star
HEAT SENSITIVITY:                                       5 Star
VOCALITY:                                                      5 Star

American Eskimo Dog  Characteristics:

  • Dog Breed Group:  Companion Dogs
  • Height:  15 to 19 inches tall at the shoulder
  • Weight:  Starts at 30 pounds
  • Life Span: 12 to 15 years 
  • Type: Purebred 
  • AREA OF ORIGIN: United States 
  • DATE OF ORIGIN: Early 1900s
  • OTHER NAMES:  Eskimo Spitz, American Spitz, German Spitz, Eskie
  • Temperament: Alert, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Protective
  • Activities: Conformation, Agility, Obedience
  • Color: White or white with biscuit cream
  • Litter Size: 4-6 puppies 
  • Puppy Prices: $1000 – $2000 USD on average

American Eskimo Dog Health:

A reputable breeder will screen his or her breeding stock for health concerns like hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy.

As with all breeds, an Eskie’s ears should be checked monthly to remove dirt and prevent wax accumulation, and the dog’s teeth should be brushed on a regular basis.

The following are the National Breed Club’s recommended health tests:

  • Hip Evaluation
  • PRA Optigen DNA Test
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation

American Eskimo Dog Grooming:

The American Eskimo Dog has a double coat consisting of a dense undercoat and a lengthier outer coat.

The hair is completely straight, with no curls or waves. He has a prominent ruff around his neck.

His front and back legs are highly feathered, and he has a lot of fur on his tail. He is usually pure white or white and cream.

Eskies shed a lot, and they need to be brushed frequently to reduce the amount of hair left around the house and prevent matting (especially behind the ears). Brushing thoroughly twice or three times per week is recommended.

Despite his light coloring, the Eskie is a breeze to clean. The oil in eskie fur prevents dirt from clinging to it.

When an Eskie becomes dirty, the dirt normally brushes right out as long as the fur is dry. Eskies should only be bathed every few months or so, depending on how dirty they get.

Cleaning an Eskie too frequently might create skin problems since it causes the skin to become dry and sensitive. Eskies rarely have a canine odor unless they are highly unclean.

Once a week, their ears should be examined for dirt, redness, or a bad smell, which might signal an infection, and then wiped out with a cotton ball moistened with a gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner.

Their toes should be trimmed at least once a month.

American Eskimo Dog Exercise: 

The Eskie is an energetic dog who is also quick and curious, demanding numerous activities and mental challenges.

When an Eskie is left alone or does not get enough exercise, he or she can soon become destructive.

A securely enclosed yard and various toys will provide excellent training and stimulation to keep an Eskie entertained and out of mischief.

However, he should not be left alone in the yard all day.

Despite his warm coat, the Eskie is an inside dog who builds close ties with his people and is most content when engaging with them. Eskies often grow more sedentary as they approach middle age.

American Eskimo Dog Training: 

Early socialization and puppy training sessions are advised for all breeds. Fortunately, the American Eskimo Dog is one of the easiest breeds to teach.

Eskies were staples of trained-dog acts when touring circuses, vaudeville troupes, and Wild West shows crisscrossed the country.

They are exceptionally bright and eager to please. They pick up new commands rapidly, sometimes just by observing other dogs.

An Eskie wants companionship and engagement with his owners, and if left alone for extended periods of time, he will develop undesirable behaviors.

American Eskimo Dog Food and Nutrition:

Despite being gifted athletically, the American Eskimo Dog tends to gain weight quickly.

This can be because the genetic causes or their thick fur makes it difficult to discern if they’re gaining weight.

Rubbing your dog’s ribcage might help you determine its genuine size. The definition in your dog’s hips and a few ribs should be plainly felt, but they should not protrude out.

Puzzle feeders let your dog calm down and burn off energy while still allowing your dog to enjoy its high-quality dog food.

Avoid eating high-fat foods with this breed because it may raise their already high risk of diabetes.

1/2 to 1.5 cups of good-quality dry pet food per day, separated into two meals, is the recommended daily quantity.

American Eskimo Dog Temperament and Personality:

The American Eskimo is a brilliant, enthusiastic, vivacious, and fun-loving friend—in short, a pleasant and generally obedient companion.

The Eskie, like its spitz ancestors, is independent and stubborn, and he enjoys running, especially in cold weather.

They are the most biddable of the spitz breeds and are quiet and well-mannered on the inside.

Because of their guardian origins, Eskies can be apprehensive of strangers and, unless closely watched, may not be the greatest choice for households with small children, other dogs, or pets.

The American Eskimo Dog not only has a winning appearance, but he also has a winning personality.

He’s vivacious, astute, and enjoys strenuous activity. He makes an excellent guard because he is instinctively distrustful of strangers.

Eskies need to be able to let off steam and use their active minds on a daily basis. Otherwise, they can be hyperactive and bored, resulting in barking and gnawing.

A bored American Eskimo Dog can wreck your home and yard.

The self-assured Eskie also requires a self-assured owner who can take responsibility of training and leading him. However, because he learns quickly, training is both enjoyable and fruitful.

Don’t leave this breed alone for too long. He enjoys being a part of a family and may have separation anxiety if left alone for an extended amount of time.

When you are not at home, it is best to leave the Eskie in a crate or kennel with durable chew toys to keep him engaged and out of mischief until you return.

American Eskimo Dog Care/Upkeep:

Though he adapts well to most environments, it should come as no surprise that the American Eskimo Dog prefers frigid settings.

One of the most exciting and entertaining part of owning an Eskie is seeing him play in the snow, which most Eskies adore and will play in for hours. Many people like water play as well.

The Eskie adapts well to a wide range of environments, from apartments to large houses with yards — as long as he is kept indoors.

This breed is unsuitable for living in the backyard. He is most content when he is with his family.

American Eskimo Dogs require a lot of physical activity. They are, in fact, enormous dogs in small packages, and if not exercised on a regular basis, they can become destructive.

They thrive in hectic houses because their enthusiasm allows them to keep up with everyone.

Separation anxiety can be a source of stress for both the Eskie and the owner. The best method to cope with this issue is to avoid it entirely.

Don’t leave the dog alone for lengthy periods of time, and if you must, put him in a box with plenty of strong toys to keep him entertained.

American Eskimo Dog Relationship with Children and Other Pets

The Eskie is a wonderful loving dog who gets along with everyone, including children of all ages, other dogs, and cats.

Adults should, of course, always monitor interactions between children and dogs; the Eskie’s high energy level can be overwhelming to very small children, so supervision is especially vital.

The Eskie does not get great scores for coexisting peacefully with small mammals and birds, which he frequently chases.

American Eskimo Dog Names 

RankBoy NamesGirl Names

All About American Eskimo Dog

The Eskie’s primary function is that of a companion dog, a loving family member who thrives in the midst of family activities.

He is happy, friendly, sometimes rambunctious, and extremely bright — so intelligent that he is believed to be amongst the greatest brilliant dog breeds.

He’s a free-thinking, inquisitive individual with an unusual capacity to solve problems. He thrives in brain-based activities such as obedience training, tricks, agility, conformation, and other canine sports.

Surprisingly, Eskies were previously popular circus performers. The Eskie, with his lovely appearance and ability to learn quickly, traveled around the United States in the late nineteenth century, astonishing audiences with his astounding tricks.

However, knowledge comes with independence. The Eskie is a nonbeliever, and those who know him advise beginning obedience training with him when he is a puppy.

Otherwise, this astute canine will outwit his owner. Training instills in him proper canine etiquette as well as respect for his pack leader — you.

Despite his small stature, the Eskie has a large mind. He’s a good watchdog and will bark to alert you to the arrival and departure of intruders – in fact, he can become a nuisance barker if left alone for too long.

Although he would eventually warm up to people he doesn’t know, his first impulse is to be skeptical. The Eskie takes his role as a watchdog extremely seriously, but he isn’t unduly aggressive.

Consider the American Eskimo Dog if you want a breed with a lot to say. This breed is quite talkative, with barks, yowls, and even mumbles.

Many owners report that their Eskies “communicate” with them.

American Eskimo Dog History:

The Spitz family includes the American Eskimo dog. Spitz dogs have fox-like looks, thick coats, tails carried up over the back, and small, pointed ears.

Nordic breeds come in a wide range of sizes, from the little Pomeranian to the massive Samoyed.

The true ancestors of the American Eskimo Dog are unknown. What is known is that little, white Spitz-type dogs were widespread in German immigrant communities in the United States.

These dogs were most likely descended from white German Spitz, white Keeshonden, or huge white Pomeranians brought to America by German families. They became known as American Spitz dogs as a group.

The American Eskimo Dog was a famous performer in the many circuses that toured the United States during the nineteenth century.

The Eskie was a popular showman because of his brilliant white coat and incredible ability to execute tricks. This extensive interest has contributed to the breed’s popularity.

The American Spitz was dubbed the American Eskimo Dog in 1917, though no one knows why.

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was created in 1985, and the breed was acknowledged only by American Kennel Club in the Non-Sporting Group in 1995.

Where to Adopt American Eskimo Dog:

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America is a fantastic location to start looking for a breeder or a rescue group with available Eskies.

Just keep in mind that the club does not endorse or oversee any of its breeder members’ practices.

More Dog Breeds and Further Research:

Before you take an American Eskimo Dog home, you should look into other comparable breeds to compare their characteristics and demands.

To learn more, talk to owners, breeders, and rescue groups, as well as meet a few American Eskimo Dogs in person.

If you’re looking for similar breeds, take a look at:

American Eskimo Dog Fun Facts:

  • They Originated in Germany. 
  • They Used to Be Herders and Guard Dogs. 
  • They Became Circus Dogs. 
  • An Eskie Was the First Dog Known to Walk a Tightrope. 
  • They Come in Three Sizes. 
  • They Come in “Biscuit” Color.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

How intelligent are American Eskimo dogs?

Eskies are utterly dedicated and require constant interaction with their owners. They are quite brilliant, but they can be stubborn.

Do American Eskimo dogs have a strong odor?

Eskies rarely have a dog odor unless they are extremely unclean. Eskies prefer chilly climes, but they may thrive in almost any environment.

Do American Eskimo dogs enjoy cuddling?

American Eskimo Dogs are among the top ten most lovable dogs in the world, according to PetMD. These are cute, affectionate dogs who create deep ties with their owners. Although American Eskimo Dogs enjoy cuddling, they also require a lot of activity.

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